More Options for Traffic Flow
Long haul networks tend to use railway right-of-ways and act like a freeway system of high bandwidth traffic connecting the country. Creating alternate pathways and redundancy loops gives more options for diverting traffic during an outages, repairs, or upgrades.
Greater Data Capacity
Fiber optic lines can be connected underground or along existing telephone poles, aerially. Unlike metal cables, fiber optic cables are made from glass which is not susceptible to electromagnetic interference. They are less expensive, weigh less, and are easier to maintain than standard cable lines. Flowing over long distances without degradation, fiber optic cables use light instead of electricity to transmit data. The frequencies are higher; therefore, the data capacity is greater.
Empty conduits in the ground, which could be revenue-generating by leasing or renting, allow the potential for expansion when it is necessary. If fiber is direct buried alone, it will still be a leap forward in streamlining and investing in broadband infrastructure. However, when an upgrade is needed, it means more digging.